What advice would you give to people who have a dog for the first time

Whether raising a cat or raising a dog, I will remind novices: You must think carefully before deciding. Once you make a decision, you must be responsible to the end.

Please think twice before raising and don’t give up raising after raising. Keeping pets, especially those mammals with high IQs like cats and dogs (compared to cold-blooded animals such as turtles and goldfish), is no different from raising a naughty child. It has its own thoughts and habits; it may mess around with urine, may tear up the house, and make trouble, but it all depends on you for food and drink.

Keeping a dog is not as simple as it seems. Its diet, vaccines, deworming, etc., all require careful attention from the owner. Especially for puppies, the resistance is weak, and it is easy to get sick if they are not well taken care of. Once they get sick, the dog will suffer, and the cost of curing the disease may empty your wallet. Therefore, we must learn more relevant knowledge and raise dogs scientifically.


My family has kept dogs for many years. I have owned dogs at home since I was a child. I used to give injections and medicines to my dogs when they were sick. Therefore, I have read a lot of veterinarian’s books. However, I still know some common problems in cats and dogs. . Let me share with you the items and precautions that novices need to raise a dog.

1. What kind of dog do you keep?

For novices, it is recommended to keep small dogs such as Teddy and Bichon. It can be raised even if there is not much space in the home.

Small dogs like Corgi are also lively and sticky, cute in appearance, short legs~especially the round buttocks~ is really charming, haha.

To raise large dogs, it is recommended to raise more docile dogs such as Golden Retrievers and Labrador. However, medium and large dogs need more exercise, they need to walk the dog frequently, and the space at home needs to be more prominent to move around.

It is not recommended to raise unpopular dog breeds or dogs with fierce and violent personalities, such as Tibetan Mastiffs, Caucasians, Pitbulls, etc., because improper maintenance can easily lead to trouble. If you want to raise a dog, you must go to a traditional kennel or a relative or friend’s house. Don’t trust a dog dealer so as not to buy a week dog. If you don’t care about your dog’s breed, you can adopt it instead of buying it.

2. Vaccine

The importance of vaccines will not be repeated! Hope everyone will pay attention! Whether adopted or purchased dogs, an adult dog, or puppies, they must be vaccinated.

Dog vaccines are divided into double vaccines, quadruple vaccines, and even eight vaccines, preventing diseases such as distemper, canine parvovirus, canine parainfluenza, canine adenovirus, and core vaccines are best vaccinated.

3. Sterilization

The age-appropriate sterilization of cats and dogs is not only for the owner’s convenience but also to reduce the risk of diseases caused by estrus.

If a female dog is not neutered in time, diseases that may include:

Uterine pyometra: Most of it occurs in old dogs over 7 years old.

The incidence of non-neutered old female dogs is relatively high.

4. deworming

Dogs love to go out, and they love to drill in the grass. Therefore, they are more likely to be infected with parasites than cats. Common ectoparasites include ticks, fleas, lice, ear mites, and so on. The internal parasites include roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms, whipworms, heartworms, and so on. Therefore, it is recommended that adult dogs be dewormed every 3 to 6 months.

It should be noted that anthelmintic drugs cannot catch all kinds of parasites in one go. Therefore, it is recommended that targeted anthelmintics be used to check which worms the dog is infected with before taking the anthelmintic.

5. health maintenance

1. Good health

In addition to the health mentioned above problems such as sterilization, vaccines, and deworming, diet is also essential. It is the foundation of good health and affects the skin, stomach, bones, and muscles. Therefore, new feces collectors must do more homework in advance. Although dogs are omnivorous, overeating inferior dog food affects growth and development and may even cause diseases.

In addition, it is not recommended to feed meals directly to humans because most human foods are high in salt and sugar, which is not suitable for the physiological needs of dogs.

Also, note that if the water your dog drinks is boiled water or pure water, it is not allowed to drink raw water, as there may be parasites and germs in the plain water.

2. Oral health

Oral health alone is mentioned because oral diseases are the most easily overlooked. Still, they are also the most common clinical pet diseases.

80% of dogs start to have bad breath, dental plaque, dental calculus, gingivitis, periodontal disease at 3 years old, and 70% of cats at 2 years old. Oral problems affect the health and even lifespan of pets. The most common consequence is that it causes bad breath!

Because there is no awareness of dog oral health care, he thinks that bad breath is normal, but he does not know that dogs’ health is being endangered by the source of bad breath. I met a friend who owns a dog before. She said that her dog had a severe dental disease after four years of age and extracted several teeth. As a result, it’s harder to eat now, and I can only eat softer ones.

3. Mental health

Dogs must be walked, not only to solve the problem of Lazarus but also because dogs are not like cats. They are social animals. Long-term stay at home is not suitable for the dog’s mental health and will cause problems. It is recommended to walk the dog for at least half an hour a day and bring a dog leash, muzzle, toilet picker, etc.

Dogs don’t like loneliness, they are more dependent on their masters, and they want to be with their masters at all times. So be sure to accompany the dog more, usually buy some small toys, and play with the dog.

In addition, the dog’s mouth will be uncomfortable during the period of changing teeth. At this time, you can buy some molar snacks, such as molar sticks, cowhide chews, duck necks, big stick bones, etc., which can effectively alleviate the discomfort of the dog’s oral cavity.

Finally, keep pets rationally and scientifically. Both cats and dogs have their own life habits. I will continue to share the experience of scientifically raising cats and dogs~

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